Solved: How to add custom script just after the opening head tag in Magento 2

Solved: How to add custom script just after the opening head tag in Magento 2

There are many times when you would want to add a custom <script> just before the opening head tag in Magento but no matter what you do, the script will always get added after Magento loads its requireJS which isn’t much helpful, but in this article, I will share the steps you can take to ensure that your script gets added right after the opening <head> tag – yes, even before Magento injects its requireJS.

By default Magento 2 uses the root.phtml file to setup head content accordingly, which is located in vendor/magento/module-theme/view/base/templates/root.phtml (unless it has been overridden in your custom theme). The content of the root.phtml is as follows:

    var BASE_URL = '<?= $block->escapeUrl($block->getBaseUrl()) ?>';
    var require = {
        "baseUrl": "<?= /* @escapeNotVerified */ $block->getViewFileUrl('/') ?>"

This file contains the $requireJs variable and block and the require.js block is defined in vendor/Magento/module-theme/view/frontend/layout/default.xml content of which is as follows:

<block name="require.js" class="Magento\Framework\View\Element\Template" template="Magento_Theme::page/js/require_js.phtml" />

Now, there are two possible solutions to override the file:

  1. By overriding the file in your custom theme
  2. By creating a simple module (preferred)

Override require_js.phtml in your custom theme

To override the the file in your custom theme, copy require_js.phtml from vendor/magento/module-theme/view/frontend/templates/page/js to your theme app/design/frontend/{VENDOR}/{THEME_NAME}/Magento_Theme/templates/page/js/ and finally, put your custom JS code just above the requireJS block i.e.

    console.log("Hello World!"); 
    var require = {
        "baseUrl": "<?php /* @escapeNotVerified */ echo $block->getViewFileUrl('/') ?>"

Override require_js.phtml in a custom module

Create default.xml in view/frontend/layout/ and add the following code:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<page xmlns:xsi=""
        <referenceBlock name="require.js">
            <action method="setTemplate">
                <argument name="template" xsi:type="string">Shoman_CustomScript::code.phtml</argument>

As you can see, in the code above, we are setting a new template file code.phtml for the require.js block.

Next, go ahead and create the code.phtml file in ./view/frontend/templates and add the custom code as follows:

<!-- My Custom Script start -->
<script type="text/javascript">
console.log("Hello World!");
<!-- My Custom Script end -->

    var BASE_URL = '<?= $block->escapeUrl($block->getBaseUrl()) ?>';
    var require = {
        "baseUrl": "<?= /* @escapeNotVerified */ $block->getViewFileUrl('/') ?>"

I have created a simple module that does the job already and you can download it from here: – this module primarily focus on integrating OneTrust Cookie Policy script so feel free to replace the content of code.phtml file as per your needs or you can fork the module and modify it as per your needs!

Steps to integrate OneTrust Cookie Script with Magento 2

Steps to integrate OneTrust Cookie Script with Magento 2

OneTrust is one of the popular user consent management systems out in the market which allows business to monitor Privacy, Security & Data Governance in their platform.

While it has integrations with many popular web platforms, it is missing a solid integration with Magento.

It’s a simple tracking script which one would easily copy/paste in Magento admin > Content > Design > Themes > Head > Misc script; but the catch is that this script needs to be put right after the opening <head> tag which is not possible if you copy/paste the script in Magento backend theme configuration area.

To achieve this, I have created a simple Magento module (compatible with 2.2.x, 2.3.x, 2.4.x) using which you can put the OneTrust Cookie Script in the right location.

You can download the module from the Github here:

Learn How to Install Shopware 6 with NGINX

Learn How to Install Shopware 6 with NGINX

Shopware is one of the best free and open-source platforms that helps you to start your own e-commerce website. It provides you useful tools to help you build and customize a fully responsive and functional online store in a matter of a few minutes. We have all heard about other ecommerce platforms such as Magento, BigCommerce and WooCommerce but like other platforms, Shopware is powerful, easy-to-use, and a flexible application with an ever growing open source community. It has an intuitive interface which makes it easier to create and manage content and products and on top of that, it is super quick.

While Shopware support is not officially available on Nginx but in this tutorial, we will show you how to install Shopware with Nginx and have it up and running in a matter of few mins.


  • A development server running PHP7.3 (or higher), MySQL and Nginx.
  • A valid domain name or a local host file override
  • Full root level access to your server.


Download Shopware

Let’s suppose you are using a local domain i.e. and updated your OS hosts file with the domain name to point to your local server i.e.

For us to install shopware, first we will create an installation directory on your local server:

mkdir /var/www/htdocs/

Next, download the Shopware with the following command:

wget -O

Once the download is complete, unzip to the shopware directory:

unzip -d /var/www/htdocs/

Next, set proper permission and ownership with the following command:

chown -R root:root /var/www/htdocs/
chmod -R 775 /var/www/htdocs/

NOTE: We have set ROOT as the directory owner purely because it is a local installation. Please do not set ROOT as the file owner on your live production or development environment.

Create a Database for Shopware

You can either create a new database using the shopware installation wizard or do it beforehand using the following commands:

First, connect to the MySQL server using the following command:

mysql -uroot -p -hlocalhost

Once connected, create a database and user with the following command:

MySQL [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE shopware;
MySQL [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON shopware.* TO 'shopware' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
MySQL [(none)]> EXIT;

Once you are finished, you can proceed to the next step to configure Nginx.

Configure Nginx for Shopware

Shopware entry point is in its public directory so you will need to create an Nginx virtual host file for Shopware with the following command:

nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/shopware.conf

And add the following block:

server {
    listen 80;

    # Handle / to index.php
    index index.php;

    # Our server name

    # Where the code is located
    root /var/www/htdocs/;

    # Needed for Shopware install / update
    location /recovery/install {
        index index.php;
        try_files $uri /recovery/install/index.php$is_args$args;

    location /recovery/update/ {
        if (!-e $request_filename){
            rewrite . /recovery/update/index.php last;

    # Forward any not found file to index.php. Also allows to have beautiful urls like /homemade-products/
    location / {
        try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;

    # Let php-fpm handle .php files
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        include fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
        fastcgi_buffers 8 16k;
        fastcgi_buffer_size 32k;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 300s;
        client_body_buffer_size 128k;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock;
        http2_push_preload on;

Finally, save the file and restart Nginx.

Access Your Local Shopware Website

We will now complete final step of the installation using the web installation wizard.

So, open your web browser and type the URL

Select your language and click on the Next button. Make sure all the requirements have been met then click on the Next button. You should see the following page:

Agree to the GTC and click on the Next button to head to the Database configuration section:

Provide your database, username, password and click on the Start installation button and follow the steps to complete the configuration.

Once you have completed the installation wizard and shopware installed, you will be redirected to the dashboard. That’s all!

Learn how to install Magento 2.4.2 on a docker instance

Learn how to install Magento 2.4.2 on a docker instance

We will be using MGT Commerce’s Docker container to install the latest version of Magento 2.4.2.

If you haven’t setup the MGT Commerce’s Docker image then you can simply run the following command to set one up on your local:

docker run -d --net=bridge -v /var/lib/mysql -v /home/cloudpanel --restart=always --privileged -h mgt-dev --name mgt-dev -it -p 80:80 -p 443:443 -p 8443:8443 -p 22:22 -p 3306:3306 -p 9200:9200 -p 15672:15672 mgtcommerce/mgt-dev:v2

Once the image is installed, you will need to go to as that’s where the docker image is installed.

Next, click on the Add Domain button to add a new local domain to install your Magento:

Important: Magento has removed the root index.php in Magento 2.4.2 and moved it to the ./pub directory so you will need to add ./pub to your document root as shown in the image above. 

Once the domain is setup, you will need to create a database which you can create by clicking on the Databases link from the left hand menu.

Next, it is now time to download Magento on your local server but first you will need to login to the MGT Commerce’s Docker Image.

Open terminal and ssh using the following details:




.. then navigate to the htdocs directory htdocs/

Finally, run the following to download Magento to the site root:

php7.4 /usr/local/bin/composer create-project –repository-url= magento/project-community-edition

This should download Magento and finally install it using the following command:

php7.4 bin/magento setup:install --backend-frontname='admin' --key='18Av6ITivOZG3gwY1DhMDWtlLfx1spLP' --session-save='files' --db-host='' --db-name='playground' --db-user='root' --db-password='root' --base-url='' --base-url-secure='' --admin-user='admin' --admin-password='!admin123!' --admin-email='' --admin-firstname='John' --admin-lastname='Doe'

Once the installation is complete, you should be able to access Magento on (but remember you will need to add this entry in your hosts file to access the site). 

Setup Magento 2 on Docker with elasticsearch in less than 2 mins!

I’m sure you’ll agree that Magento is a very resource heavy software and requires a stable setup to run it smoothly. We’ve all been in a situation where we’ve complained how slow the Magento system is to run locally but what if I told you there is a docker setup for Magento which is ready to use and only requires one command to have your environment ready? Yes only command!

In my early days as a Magento developer, I’d marry with a fact that we should never rely on a local WAMP/XAMP setup to run Magento and I was introduced to Docker but that being said, there were so many Magento instances to choose from. Some required custom integrations/plugins and some were not good enough to use.

I then stumbled upon a ready-to-use Docker cloundpanel instance which was purely focused on providing developers with a stable Magento development setup in one step, and the step was to install the Docker image locally and viola you have a cloudpanel quite similar to CPanel which allows us to create/list multiple development domains and it was packaged with Elasticsearch, MySQL and Varnish to support Magento.

The Docker instance I’m referring to is create by MGT-Commerce which is a Magento cloud hosting providers. I’ve detailed the steps below to install and setup a Magento development domain.

The MGT Docker image comes in all stable version of PHP starting from PHP 7.0 up to PHP 7.4. You can pick and choose the PHP image you need and even you can run multiple instances at the same time (just ensure each instance has a unique port).

Since Magento 2.4 is now our and ready to use so let’s setup a PHP 7.3 instance and install Magento.

First, we need to install the PHP 7.4 image and to do that, run the following command in your Docker CLI.

Install PHP 7.3 Docker Image

docker run -d --net=bridge -v /var/lib/mysql --restart=always --privileged -h mgt-dev-73 --name mgt-dev-73 -it -p 80:80 -p 443:443 -p 22:22 -p 3306:3306 -p 3333:3333 -p 9200:9200 mgtcommerce/mgt-development-environment-7.3

Once the image is installed, you can access it at and the panel should look similar to the following image:

Cloudpanel to setup development domains

Install Magento 2.4 on Docker

First, we need a domain to setup/install Magento 2. Simply click on Add New to create a domain space and click Create Domain.

Next, we need to setup a MySQL database to install Magento so simply click on Databases from the left nav panel and click Add New.

Now, we should have a database ready to install Magento, a domain name and a web/disc space created in our Docker container to install Magento.

You can also access the website root via SFTP or SSH.

To connect, simply use the following:




DOCUMENT ROOT: /home/cloudpanel/htdocs/

Finally, simply download the Magento 2.4 composer file or the whole package from their GIT repo and upload to the directory specified above. Once done, connect to the server using SSH and you can safe run the Magento installation commands to install Magento.

That’s all! No rocket science!

Do you have any questions or feedback? Please let me know in the comments!